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Ureteral Reimplantation Surgery

Front view of kidneys, ureters, and bladder. One ureter has been moved to new position on bladder.

The ureters are the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The connection where one or both of your child’s ureters attach to the bladder isn’t fully developed. This can cause urine to flow from the bladder back up into the kidney. This is called vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). VUR doesn’t cause pain. But it can increase your child’s risk for urinary tract infections (UTIs). Over time, it can also damage your child’s kidneys. With ureteral reimplantation surgery, one or both ureters are moved. This makes their connection to the bladder stronger. It also helps the urine drain well and not flow backwards.

Getting ready for surgery

Prepare your child for the surgery as told. In addition:

  • Tell the healthcare provider about any medicines your child takes. Your child may need to stop taking some or all of them before surgery, as directed by the provider.

  • Follow any directions your child is given for not eating or drinking before surgery.

The day of surgery

The surgery takes about 2 to 3 hours. Your child will stay in the hospital for 1 to 2 days afterward.

Before the surgery begins:

  • An IV (intravenous) line is placed in a vein in your child’s arm or hand. This line supplies fluids and medicines (such as antibiotics).

  • To keep your child from feeling pain during the surgery, general anesthesia is given. This medicine lets your child sleep through the surgery. A tube may be put into your child’s throat to help with breathing.

  • A thin tube (catheter) may be placed into your child’s bladder to drain urine.

During the surgery:

  • A cut (incision) is made in your child’s lower belly (abdomen), just above the pubic bone. The end of the ureter and some muscle near it are detached from the bladder.

  • The surgeon will decide where in the bladder to reimplant the ureter. A tunnel is then made for the ureter to be placed inside.

  • The ureter is moved to the new site in the bladder and put into the tunnel.

  • Once the ureter is in place, it is secured with stitches.

  • If the other ureter is also being treated, it's done so at this time.

  • The bladder is stitched closed.

  • The skin incision made in the belly is closed with stitches or surgical tape.

  • A small tube (drain) is placed near the incision. This drain removes fluid that can build up after the surgery.

Recovering in the hospital

After the surgery, your child will be taken to a recovery room. There your child will be watched as the anesthesia wears off. At first, he or she may feel sleepy, nauseated, and have a sore throat (if a breathing tube was used). If needed, medicine will be given to manage pain. When your child is ready, he or she will be moved to a hospital room. The urinary catheter will be removed before your child leaves the hospital. The drain may also be removed. If the child is sent home with the drain, you will be shown how to care for it at home.

Recovering at home

Follow the healthcare provider’s instructions for how to care for your child at home. Be sure to:

  • Give your child medicine as directed.

  • Care for your child’s incision and drain as instructed.

  • Follow the provider’s guidelines for bathing your child.

  • Don’t let your child be active until the provider says it’s OK.

  • Ask the provider when your child can return to daycare or school.

When to call your child's healthcare provider

Call your child's healthcare provider right away if your child has any of the following:

  • Fever of 100.4° F ( 38°C ) or higher, or as directed by the healthcare provider

  • Symptoms of infection at an incision site (such as increased redness or swelling, warmth, worsening pain, or bad-smelling drainage)

  • Problems with the drain

  • Severe vomiting

  • Dark blood or clots in the urine (some pink-tinged urine is normal)

  • Inability to urinate

  • Inconsolable crying or refusal to feed (infants)

Call 911

Call 911 right away if your child has:

  • Chest pain

  • Trouble breathing

Follow-up

At follow-up visits, the healthcare provider will check how well your child is healing. If needed, your child’s stitches and drain will be removed in about 7 days. Tests may be done 1 to 3 months after the procedure. These may include a kidney ultrasound. These tests let the provider check that your child’s urinary tract is working correctly.

Risks and possible complications

All procedures have some risk. Possible risks for this surgery include:

  • Bleeding (your child may need a blood transfusion)

  • Infection

  • Pain

  • Urine leakage from the ureters

  • Stricture of ureters returns

  • Damage to the bladder, bowels, or other organs

  • Kidney damage

  • Risks of anesthesia (the anesthesiologist will discuss these with you)

© 2000-2020 The StayWell Company, LLC. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.